Last edited: March 2019
There are 2 general types of solar water pumping systems: submersible pumps and surface pumps. There is a variety of applications for these pumps, as explained below.
Submersible Solar Water Pumping Systems
Submersible solar water pumps are pumps which, as the name already indicates, can be submerged. They are mainly used in boreholes and wells. Since they are located inside the water, there is no need to “suck” water, these pumps only “push”.
Surface Solar Water Pumping Systems
Surface solar water pumps are pumps without submersion, which means they are located above the water level. The main use of these systems is for lakes, ponds, rivers, pools and to pump water from one tank to another. Special types of surface pumps are:
- Portable Solar Water Pumps – Portable solar water pumps are often used at farms in order to irrigate different areas of the farm. Due to the low weight the pump (and solar panel) can easily be moved around.
- Solar Pool Pumps – Water in swimming pools needs to be regularly filtered. As this can be relatively energy intens, many pool owners in sunny areas, or areas without a grid connection, opt for a solar pool pump.